The historical background of this festival referred to as Halloween is rather controversial among scholars and lay men alike. In an attempt to bring to the fore the origins of Halloween, Nicholas Rogers in his accounts intimately attributes the history of Halloween to the feuding middle ages European tribes that roam all over Europe. In particular, the researcher and scholar assert that Halloween is more closely linked to the Gaels and Celts of British Isles. There have been other postulations which cannot also be dismissed without insightful considerations. For one, there is a position held by some historians and researchers of antiquity that the Halloween has its origins among the roman tribes and beliefs of the earlier periods. It is claimed that the name takes after a roman goddess of seed and fruit. Some claim that it originates from the festival of the dead called Parentalia. Indeed other insinuations exist about the festivities of Halloween. Nicholas Roberts has his good reasons for his stand. His postulations are the focus of the historical accounts in this article. In reference to the fact that Halloween originates from Gael, an old English community in the British Isles, Nicholas asserts that the name is derived from Old Irish and it means the end of summer.Other accounts attribute the name Halloween to the Scottish aspect of the old English All Hallows to mean all evening. This is traced all the way back to the 16th century.
Evidently then, it is difficult to obstinately credit any given community in Europe or elsewhere with the cradle for the Halloween phenomena. However, it is evident that the festival has since taken its own life and dimension which will definitely be a significant variant and even radical departure from the original, whatever the original Halloween could have been. Indeed, anthropologists argue that there is no such thing as static culture. Culture evolves with time dictates and is greatly influenced by the environment at any one time. Consequently, the festival, just like Christmas or other popular festivals around the world, has come to be owned by anyone who observes it on their calendar, irrespective of their race origin or creed. For instance, the use of the turnip in Northern Ireland consistently did not stop the inhabitants of North America to invent the use of the pumpkin for symbolic carvings. The use of locally available materials to advance the course of Halloween has been the biggest contributing factor in the variations manifest in the different communities that observe the festival. There have also been progress indications for the symbols that are used for and by the lovers of the festival. A significant influence is evident in the art industry .The symbols have spread to as far as Japan which had one jack o’ lanterns in Kobe.
Literature and art material for Halloween are not at all inaccessible .In fact Halloween can raise a popular segment of the readership from the general reading around the world. The portrayal of Halloween is derived from various sources of popular literature and art. It is also derived from various cultures around the world. The representations of Halloween have not escaped the eyes of such big names as Gothic, Frankenstein and John Mayne; a Scottish poet of world repute. The autumn symbols are often captured in the Halloween symbolism. It is a common practice among many communities to have such objects as scarecrows and pumpkins on their decors and walls as decorations and images of the same captured in captivating paintings in private and public arena. The traditional colors of Halloween festivals are largely black and orange. However some variations may be spotted owing to the earlier mentioned variation in individual cultures. The general themes of Halloween are death, occults, spirits, ogres and other terrifying monsters.