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Breast Cancer: the signs

Breast Cancer affects many people every day, and is first recognised by a lump that’s either felt or seen in the

Breast Cancer

breast. Although 9 out 10 breast lumps are not cancerous, there are still some that are, which is why a professional should check any lump in the breast, at the earliest possible moment.

Some of the signs of breast cancer are: a lump in the breast; a change in the look or size of a breast; dimply skin; discharge coming from the nipple; a rash on the breast; and/or a lump in the armpit. This is not a concise list of every single sign, but it gives a good indication of what is abnormal and what to look out for.

There is also some pain felt by those who have known or unknown breast cancer. Women’s breasts can be painful and tender shortly before getting Cancer, but of course this is a similar symptom a woman has when they are about to get their period. As a result of the crossover in symptoms, it’s always best to get advice from someone in the know.

The best thing to do if you find a lump is book an appointment with your doctor for as soon as possible. Many non-cancerous lumps can appear all over your body, so you shouldn’t be alarmed just yet. Its best to seek the advice of a trained medic before worrying about what ‘might’ be.

The first thing your doctor will do is examine you, to assess the lump themselves. This could either result in being told everything is fine, or being referred to the hospital, for a mammogram. This is a great test, as it shows whether the lump is solid, or full of fluid. General speaking, when the lump is solid, it’s much more likely to be cancerous, often resulting in the breast being removed.

Breast cancer can be treated in many ways, if found quick enough. Here are a couple of examples:

  • Chemotherapy– this is a treatment whereby drugs are used to kill off cancerous cells. It can also help to shrink tumours, reduce the chance of cancer spreading, whilst also reducing the chance of it coming back.
  • Hormone therapy– sometimes, it’s the female hormones that can trigger breast cancer, so hormone therapy is all about drugs being used to lower these levels, whilst also blocking the effects they have. This is most commonly used after the patient has undergone breast surgery, taken for about five years in most cases.

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